I'm Steve Sullivan and I made this Website. I collected the data, organized it
and wrote the programs.
I obtained a BS degree in Math from Oregon State University before there was a computer science
degree. Then I worked for Tektronix for 35 years as a programmer, circuit board designer
and an integrated circuit designer. Now that I have retired, making a wildflower
identification website and Apps has become my hobby. I also enjoy taking wildflower
hikes with my wife, Yan, who enjoys photographing flowers with macro photography.
We formed Wildflower Search, an Oregon Not-for-profit Corporation that owns and
maintains the WildflowerSearch.org website and the
Free Wildflower Identification apps.
Patrick Alexander obtained his PhD in botany at New Mexico State University. During his
summers he toured the country examinging plants and making a most remarkable
Polyploid Website of botanical photos. Patrick now
works as a botanist at the Las Cruces New Mexico office of the Bureau of Land Management.
Patrick has posted his photos on Flickr and on his website and licenses them
thru the Creative Commons allowing them to be used in this website.
Zoya Akulova is a Russian botanist now living in California.
She works as a botanist in an environmental consulting company.
She has an amazing collection of over 18,000 botanical photos on
the CalPhotos website including photos from all over the world.
Thanks you, Zoya, for using a Creative Commons license,
allowing us to use your botanical photos in this website.
Wynn Anderson retired after 45 years at the University of Texas
at El Paso, most recently as Director and Botanical Curator of the
Chihuahuan Desert Gardens of the Centennial Museum. Currently, Wynn is
editing and disbursing a 25 year collection of over 50,000 plant
photographs. He now has over 9,000 plant photos on the CalPhoto website,
mostly from the desert regions and the sky islands of the southwestern US
and northern Mexico, and especially the highland plateau of the Sierra Madre
Occidental in western Chihuahua.
We are grateful that Wynn posts his photos with a Creative Commons license,
allowing us to use them in this website.
Ryan Batten is one of those people who takes
amazing plant photos, often of rare plants, but does not want to
bring attention to himself. He has 400 photos on CalPhotos,
3,100 photos on Flickr (under Tab Tannery) and more on other websites.
Because Ryan often captures rare or difficult to find plants
it is especially nice to have his permission to use his photos
on this website.
Barry Breckling was a California State Park ranger for 38 years, including 30 years
at Henry W. Coe State Park. Now based in the Sierra Nevada foothills, he and his wife,
Judy, work on botany projects around Yosemite National Park. One of their projects is
the Yosemite Wildflowers App
for Android and Apple devices.
Barry takes excellent botanical photos and has contributed more than 6,500 botanical
photos to the CalPhotos website. He licenses them with a Creative Commons license allowing
them to be used in this website.
Sue Carnahan is a botanist, birder, amature naturalist and writer.
She has been photographing wildlife in the Arizona area, making excursions
into adjoining areas including Mexico. The great number of photos (over
10,000 on Flickr), the quality of the photos and the range makes her
photo collection quite valuable.
Sue has allowed us to use her photos. We are grateful for that.
Christopher L. Christie is a former microbiologist, medical laboratory technologist,
native plant nurseryman and grazing activist. He studied grazing damage to ecosystems
throughout the American West for over three decades.
Chris is building a collection of plant, animal and rock art photographs on CalPhotos
and at his Flickr site.
He has been helping us by allowing his plant photos to be used in this website.
Alan Cressler is a nature photographer living
in Atlanta, Georgia. His favorite subjects include: fungi,
insects, reptiles and amphibians, caves, mountains, volcanoes, rivers, waterfalls,
prehistoric artwork, and oceans. Along the way he takes great photographs
of interesting plants.
We are fortunate that Alan gives his permission so that we can use his
photographs in this website. Photo of Alan at Hartselle Cave.
Shirley Denton is an expert in Florida plant and wildlife ecology.
She has earned a PhD in forest ecology and is active in the Florida
Native Plant Society.
Shirley has combined her botanical skill with her ability to take great
botanical photos to make a remarkable website
of Nature Photography that
contains over 12,000 plant photographs including over 2,000 species
from Florida. Shirley allows limited use of her photos in some non-profit
applications and has generously allowed her photos to be used in this website.
Layla Dishman is a Biology student in Knoxville and aspires to a PhD in Botany.
She became interested in Enthobotany around 1998 and developed a love for the local flora
when she moved to the Smoky Mountains. Since that time she has posted around 9,000 botanical
images on Flickr of about 2,000 species.
Layla's photos are a significant contribution to this website.
She is able to capture the essence of a plant making the image both informative and artistic.
(Photo of Nigel in the library room.)
Mark Egger has studied the genus Castilleja for over 30 years and has
traveled extensively throughout North America, Mexico, and Central and South America
in his research. He has published numerous papers in botanical journals, including
the description of 9 Castilleja species new to science. He has authored the treatment
of Castilleja for the Flora of North America and for the Plants of the Four Corners Region.
Mark maintains a
Paintbrush Website that includes sets of photos for every species and variety of Castilleja
occurring in North America north of Mexico and of most of the species found elsewhere.
We are grateful to be able to use Mark's photos in this website.
John Gwaltney earned a Master's Degree in Wildlife Biology and spent
most of his working career in the foresty supply business. As a hobby John has
built the best botanical website in the Southeastern portion of the United
States: Southeastern Flora.
John's website contains over 50,000 pictures of over 2,200 species of plants.
We are grateful to be able to use John's botanical photos in this app.
Sonnia Hill is a field botanist in Texas. She has published
papers in technical journals and helps train people in botany.
Over the last
15 years Sonnia has been photographing and identifying plants in Texas
and she has posted over 8,500 of her botanical photos on Flickr.
We are thankful that Sonnia allows her photos to be used on this website.
John Hilty became interested in wildflowers during the 1990s, when he created
a small garden with native wildflowers and began photographing them using a digital camera.
As his knowledge and skills improved, he created the
Illinois Wildflowers website in 2002 and has been expanding it ever since.
John is a content partner of the Encyclopedia of Life, where
both the text and photographs of his website have been published, and he is a member of local
environmental groups, including Grand Prairie Friends, Champaign County Audubon Society,
and Natural Areas Study Group.
In addition to allowing his botanical photographs to be used in this website John has
contributed more than a thousand excellent plant descriptions to the free Wildflower
Identification apps that we have produced.
Jason Hollinger was trained in physics and math and for nearly
seven years was a programmer in the finance industry. Jason "retired" early to
wander the earth learning about everything. Which resulted in many excellent
botanical photos on Flickr and the development (with others) of two
amazing websites. The Mushroom Observer
allows people to post photos of mushroom and lichen and to obtain help
identifying them. The Ways of Enlichenment
contains photos of over 2,000 species of lichen.
Thank you, Jason, for making your botanical photographs available to
everyone and for promoting botanical education.
Eric Hunt is a Botanical Photographer based in Little Rock, Arkansas.
He has extensively photographed native plants in California and Arkansas.
He is a board member of the Arkansas Native Plant Society and
leads wildflower hikes throughout the Natural State.
Many of Eric's photos could win photo contest awards.
Eric allows his photos to be used in this website. Thank you, Eric.
Mary Keim retired after 35 years of teaching biology at Seminole State College
in Florida. She has been posting her wildlife photos on Flickr for ten years
where she has 5,000 remarkable photos from the Florida area.
Mary is also putting her observations on
Mary licenses her photos for non-commercial uses through the Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) allowing
us to use them. Thank you, Mary. (Photo by R. Snyder.)
Russ Kleinman retired from a medical career in order to
spend time exploring nature and exercising his botanical skills.
Russ has been working with the Western New Mexico University
Department of Natural Sciences where he is an Associate Botanist.
One of his projects has been the creation of a website for the
Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness.
Russ has documented about 1,300 species on this website with
high resolution botanical photos.
He allows these images to be used by others for educational
purposes. Thank you, Russ.
Neal Kramer is a consulting botanist with a BA in botany
from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MS in Forest Ecology
from the University of Idaho. Neal has posted over 17,000 botanical
photos to the CalPhotos website.
Thank you, Neal, for allowing your photos to be used on this website.
Louis-M. Landry has a B.Sc. (Biology) from the University of Victoria, British Columbia.
His passion for photography and interest as a professional biologist has resulted
in over 7,500 images of wildlife on the
Many of Louis-M.'s botanical photos are of plants in the Quebec area. He allows
his photos to be used in this website and for that we are grateful.
Matt Lavin is a professor of Plant Sciences & Plant Pathology at Montana State University.
He studies native and exotic plant diversity and teaches courses.
"The emphasis of my research is on the molecular systematics and biogeography of
the biodiverse legume plant family (Fabaceae or Leguminosae), including the cultivated species.
Because legumes are often most diverse in highly seasonal environments, I am interested in
the study of patterns of plant biodiversity across large landscapes of the North American
sagebrush steppe and adjacent desert regions, and Neotropical seasonally dry tropical forests
(those rich in succulent taxa such as Cactaceae and Euphorbiaceae) and adjacent tropical
savannas and wet forests."
Matt has posted about 14,000 botanical photos to Flickr for use in
teaching and to help him remember taxonomic-ecological-geographical points-in-time.
Thank you, Matt, for allowing others to use your photos.
Max Licher, by training an architect, has used his lifelong interest
in nature to become a leader in Arizona plant identification. Max is one of the
coordinating botanists for the Plant Atlas of Arizona Project (PAPAZ)
which trains amateur botanists in collecting techniques. In addition, Max has become
an expert on Southwestern Sedges and Rushes, and is contributing to treatments on
these families for updates to both the Arizona & New Mexico floras. He is also
an avid botanical photographer.
Max has contributed over 5,800 botanical photographs to the Southwest Environmental
Information Network (SEINet).
He also allows his photos to be used on this website.
Uli Lorimer is the curator of the Native Flora Garden in the
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. He has had a passion for wildflowers and
anything green since he was a boy. Photography came later on in his career as
a way to document what was going on in the garden as well as in his field work.
It also serves as a great resource for teaching and lecturing as each image
accompanies a time, place, and story.
Uli has posted 18,000 photos to Flickr. He uses a Creative Commons license
allowing us to use his photos in this website.
Steve Matson became interested in botany 30 years ago and developed
a passion to seek out the lesser known taxa of plants. For fifteen years he has been
photographing plants with botanical precision and over 22 thousand of these
excellent images are now on the CalPhotos website. You can find Steve leading
field trips of the California Native Plant Society.
Steve has consistently supported the development of this website
by allowing us to use his photos.
Susan McDougall was born in Seattle and is by training a mathematician and programmer.
Her passion for Mount Rainier took root when she returned to the Northwest in the 1970s.
She has summited the Mountain and hiked most of its trails, and published a book entitled
The Trees of Mount Rainier.
Susan's love of trees lead to a book,
Trees Live Here: the Arboretums of America. With her husband, she researched
and wrote the definitive book on the flora of Mount Adams, Washington's second tallest
volcano, as well as a Mount Adams wildflower book.
Susan has photographed most of the plant speicies native to Mount Rainier. You can
see these photos in the app,
Mt. Rainier Wildflowers, and on Susan's website, Rainier in Bloom.
Susan generously allows her botanical photos to be used in this website.
The Minnesota Wildflowers
website created by Katy Chayka, Minnesota Master Naturalist volunteer and native plant
enthusiast, with collaboration by Peter M. Dziuk, noted imaginographer and long-time
native plant advocate is one of the best wildflower websites. With the MN Flora Group LLC
they have produced a
Minnesota Wildflower app.
Katy and Peter allow us to use their photographs. Thank you. In addition, we get to
link to their most excellent plant website.
Gary A. Monroe is a retired soil scientist who worked for the Soil
Conservation Service for 33 years. He is a member of the Nevada Native
Plant Society and the Jepson Society. His major hobby now is the photography
and growing of wildflowers and leading hikes with the Nevada Native Plant
Gary has contributed over 5,500 botanical images to the CalPhotos program
where he licenses them so that they can be used in non-profit applications.
Keir Morse is a professional field botanist with a BS in Biology from Northland College
and a MS in Biology from Southern Oregon University.
Currently Keir is a PhD student at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden studying the taxonomy
of the genus Malacothamnus. Keir has worked in natural areas across the
United States and in New Zealand sometimes engaging in environmental consulting and doing
rare plant surveys.
Since the year 2000, he has posted more than 35,000 botanical photos to CalPhotos to help
himself and others with plant identification. Because of the quality of Keir's photos,
the vast number of species that he has photographed and the large number of species
in the areas where he has photographed, Keir has contributed more photos to this
website than any other person.
When Jerry Oldenettel retired he became seriously involved in photographing birds and butterflies.
Not only has he travelled the USA but he has branched out to Central America, Europe, Africa and more.
Along the way he has posted about 40,000 photos on Flickr.com.
Mixed in with his photos of birds and butterflies are many great botanical photos.
Jerry licenses his photos with Creative Commons allowing them to be use in non-commercial
applications such as this website.
James L. Reveal
was a U.S. botanist best known for his contributions to the genus Eriogonum and for
his work on suprageneric names. At the time of his death in 2015, Reveal was a professor
emeritus at the University of Maryland, adjunct professor at Cornell University's Department
of Plant Biology and honorary curator at the New York Botanical Garden.
Dr. Reveal kindly allowed us to use his photos from his PlantSystematics.org website.
He also made some correction and suggestions to this website.
Al Schneider is the author of the app,
Colorado Rocky Mountain Wildflowers, and the web site,
Al retired in 1998 after careers as an English Professor, Ozark Trail Developer for Missouri
State Parks, backcountry guide, and computer-based teacher with the Ute Mountain Ute
Indian Tribe. Al, his wife Betty, and their pup Pepper, are often out hiking the
wildflower trails of the Four Corners region.
Al's website contains over 5,000 botanical photos.
We are fortunate that Al is helping with this website
by allowing us to share his photos. Al is also a
source of encouragement.
Stan Shebs is a software engineer who has worked at Google
and other places. In his extra time
he edits for Wikipedia, post photos on Wikimedia Commons and runs a
website with records of over 580,000 types of postage stamps.
Stan has posted his extensive collection of botanical photos on
Wikimedia Commons helping to provide photos for this website.
Walter Siegmund obtained degrees in physics (BS) and astronomy (MS) but his
professional experience was mainly in mechanical, optical and electrical engineering.
In 2005 he started editing Wikipedia and has made more than 10,000 edits. He also
became a wildlife photographer contributing more than 6,600 images to Wikimedia Commons
Walt not only allows his botanical photographs to be used in this website,
he is a member of the board of Wildflower Search, the non-profit company that
owns this website. Walt has contributed to this website in many way.
Since retiring in 2008 Paul Slichter has taken on a second career as a field botanist. He has
been exploring new places, photographing plants, surveying, keying and making perhaps the best
botanical website for the Pacific Northwest, the Flora
and Fauna Northwest. In 2013 Paul was made a Native Plant Society of Oregon Fellow for his
contributions to the NPSO and the botanical community.
Paul has made his extensive collection of botanical photos available for this
website and for this we are very grateful.
Forest & Kim Starr have provided botanical,
entomological, and faunal surveys in support of planning,
permitting, research and management efforrs in the state of Hawaii.
As they work they also post photos on Flickr and now have
a phenomial collection of 156,000 images.
Forest & Kim's Flickr photos are licensed with a
Creative Commons license allowing anyone to use them with attribution.
Although their photos are taken in Hawaii many of the species
have been introduced and can also be found in the more
tropical areas of the United States. We appreciate both using
their photos in this website and the ability to make links
to their photo site.
Tony Valois, while working at the Santa Monica Mountains
National Recreation Area, documented virtually every plant species
in the Recreation Area and developed the award winning
Wildflowers of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area website.
This information is also available as an
Tony has documented over 1,200 species with over 7,000 botanical images. Many
of Tony's photos are used on this website.
A team at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation has put together
vTree, the best tree identification website in North America. The team went on to make
excellent tree identification apps for
and Apple devices.
The team leader is John Seiler, Distinguished Professor of Forestry.
Happily, their photo use policy allows their photos to be used in nonprofit
uses such as this website.
University of Washington Herbarium (WTU) is part of the
This group of people have developed the
WTU Image Collection which contains
the most comprehensive online collection of photographs and information
for the plants and lichen of the Pacific Northwest. They also gathered
the collection records from the herbariums in the Pacific Northwest and they
make this information available. The main people are Richard Olmstead,
Herbarium Curator; David E. Giblin, Herbarium Collections Manager; and
Ben Legler, Informatics Specialist and plant photographer.
This team has been a great help to me in many ways. They answer
my questions about botany. The herbarium collection
records make it possible to predict where and when species can be
found. The WTU image collection is always a great help in
identifying plants. (Photo by josef.stuefer.)
More than a Thousand Image Authors have contributed to this website, so many that they can
not all be listed here. But every one of them is appreciated. Most often they have posted
their photos with a Creative Commons license. Some have made their photos public domain.
Others have given us their permission to use their photos.
You can see their names and the number of photos that have been contributed on the
Image Authors page.
Thank you for taking great botanical photos, for identifying the species, for
posting your photos on the web and for giving us permission to use them.
Thousands and thousands of Botanical Plant Collectors, over the last
hundred years, have collected millions of plant specimens that are now archived
in herbariums. Each collection is verified, then pressed and dried
and catalogued. Other people have converted these collections into digital
records which we use to deduce where and when species can be found.
We use over ten million of these collection records.
The search by location, elevation and time of year used in this
website is only possible because of the great amount of work done by the
botanical plant collectors and the herbarium staff. The many herbariums
involved in this work can be seen at this
Attribution and Copyright